A Brief History:
Around 1881 Naga Hills came under the command of the Britishers. The first sign of Naga resistance came into being with the formation of Naga Club in 1918. In 1946, National Naga Council (NNC) was formed and declared Nagaland an independent state on 14th august, 1947.
Then in 1952, NNC leader A.Z Phizo formed underground Naga Federal Government (NFG) and Naga Federal Army (NFA). The Government of India sent Army to crush the rebellion and in 1958, Armed Forces (Special Power) Act was enacted.
In 1975, after long talks with NNC leader, NFG and NCC agreed to give up arms as a result of Shillong Accord. Then in 1980, National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) was formed by Isak Swu, Thuingaleng Muivah and S.S Khaplang opposing the Shillong Accord signed by NNC and Government of India. NSCN worked as a Naga nationalist military group in North East states. Its main aim from the time of its formation was a sovereign state “Nagalim”.
Later, there was clash between the NSCN leaders due to different ideology and NSCN was parted into NSCN (K) led by S.S Khaplang and NSCN (IM) led by Isak Swu and Muivah , but the main party which emerged was NSCN (IM).
Then main aim of NSCN (IM) is a “Great Nagaland” comprising all Naga inhabited area which includes large portion of Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh and some portion of Myanmar.
After 80 talks held frequently, Government of India signed a ceasefire with NSCN (IM) in 1997. Then in 2007, this ceasefire was extended for indefinite period, but NSCN (K) led by S.S Khaplang broke the ceasefire in 2001 killing army men and latest now in 2015 before the signing of latest peace accord between Government of India and NSCN (IM).
Now, as peace accord have been signed between Government of India and NSCN (IM), Khaplang group is sure to oppose this accord. So already, Special Forces have been sent to Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
Since, the terms of the Government-Naga Peace accord 2015 are yet unknown, it is hard to come at any conclusion, but it is sure that the demand of Nagalim cannot be fulfilled at any cost. The government of India and NSCN (IM) have to work accordingly and NSCN (K) should also be taken together for the brighter future of Nagaland and also to bring peace in North East India and for the better development of the country.